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Halloween The Holiday

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Even through Carnival is more popular among Greeks, Halloween is considered the 4th most profitable festival in Greece after Christmas , Easter and Carnival.

Since it is a working day is not always celebrated on the 31st of October but the last weekend before All Hallow's Eve unless Halloween is on a weekend.

It has been associated with the influence of the western culture. Bars, nightclubs and fun parks organise Halloween parties for adults and young adults.

Trick or treating is not widely popular because similar celebrations are common during carnival in villages and the country side. The rise of popularity for Halloween influenced the popularity in many Balkan countries like Albania , Bulgaria , North Macedonia along with Cyprus where Greek retailers are selling Halloween merchandise in late September every year.

Games are often played, such as bobbing for apples , in which apples, peanuts, and other nuts and fruit and some small coins are placed in a basin of water.

Another common game involves the hands-free eating of an apple hung on a string attached to the ceiling. Games of divination are also played at Halloween.

In Italy All Saints' Day is a public holiday. These are still the main holidays. In Sardinia, Concas de Mortu Head of the deads , carved pumpkins that look like skulls, with candles inside are displayed.

Since the fall of Communism in , Halloween has become increasingly popular in Poland and the Czech Republic. Particularly, it is celebrated among younger people.

The influx of Western tourists and expats throughout the s introduced the costume party aspect of Hallowe'en celebrations, particularly in clubs and at private house parties.

Door-to-door trick or treating is not common. Pumpkin carving is becoming more evident, following a strong North American version of the tradition.

Romanians observe the Feast of St. Andrew , patron saint of Romania, on 30 November. On St. Andrew's Eve ghosts are said to be about. A number of customs related to divination, in other places connected to Halloween, are associated with this night.

Both the Catholic and Orthodox Churches in Romania discourage Halloween celebrations, advising their parishioners to focus rather on the "Day of the Dead" on 1 November, when special religious observances are held for the souls of the deceased.

Celebration of western Halloween began in the s around the downfall of the Soviet regime, when costume and ghoulish parties spread throughout night clubs throughout Russia.

Halloween is generally celebrated by younger generations and is not widely celebrated in civic society e. In fact, Halloween is among the Western celebrations that the Russian government and politicians—which have grown increasingly anti-Western in the early s—are trying to eliminate from public celebration.

In Spain, celebrations involve eating castanyes roast chestnuts , panellets special almond balls covered in pine nuts , moniatos roast or baked sweet potato , Ossos de Sant cake and preserved fruit candied or glazed fruit.

Moscatell Muscat is drunk from porrons. In many places, confectioners often organise raffles of chestnuts and preserved fruit.

The tradition of eating these foods comes from the fact that during All Saints' night, on the eve of All Souls' Day in the Christian tradition, bell ringers would ring bells in commemoration of the dead into the early morning.

Friends and relatives would help with this task, and everyone would eat these foods for sustenance. Other versions of the story state that the Castanyada originates at the end of the 18th century and comes from the old funeral meals, where other foods, such as vegetables and dried fruit were not served.

The meal had the symbolic significance of a communion with the souls of the departed: while the chestnuts were roasting, prayers would be said for the person who had just died.

The festival is usually depicted with the figure of a castanyera : an old lady, dressed in peasant's clothing and wearing a headscarf , sitting behind a table, roasting chestnuts for street sale.

In recent years, the Castanyada has become a revetlla of All Saints and is celebrated in the home and community. It is the first of the four main school festivals, alongside Christmas , Carnestoltes and St George's Day , without reference to ritual or commemoration of the dead.

Throughout the period of Allhallowtide, starting with All Hallow's Eve, Swedish families visit churchyards and adorn the graves of their family members with lit candles and wreaths fashioned from pine branches.

Among children, the practice of dressing in costume and collecting candy has gained popularity in recent years. In Switzerland , Halloween, after first becoming popular in , is on the wane, and is most popular with young adults who attend parties.

Switzerland already has a "festival overload" and even though Swiss people like to dress up for any occasion, they do prefer a traditional element, such as in the Fasnacht tradition of chasing away winter using noise and masks.

In the past, on All Souls' Eve families would stay up late, and little "soul cakes" were eaten. At the stroke of midnight, there was solemn silence among households, which had candles burning in every room to guide the souls back to visit their earthly homes and a glass of wine on the table to refresh them.

The tradition of giving soul cakes that originated in Great Britain and Ireland was known as souling , often seen as the origin of modern trick or treating in North America, and souling continued in parts of England as late as the s, with children going from door to door singing songs and saying prayers for the dead in return for cakes or money.

Trick or treating and other Halloween celebrations are extremely popular, with shops decorated with witches and pumpkins, and young people attending costume parties.

The name Halloween is first attested in the 16th century as a Scottish shortening of the fuller All-Hallow-Even , that is, the night before All Hallows' Day.

Scottish poet Robert Burns was influenced by Maynes composition, and portrayed some of the customs in his poem Halloween Among the earliest record of Guising at Halloween in Scotland is in , where masqueraders in disguise carrying lanterns made out of scooped out turnips, visit homes to be rewarded with cakes, fruit and money.

The children's practice of " guising ", going from door to door in costumes for food or coins, is a traditional Halloween custom in Scotland.

A traditional Halloween game includes apple " dooking ", [94] or "dunking" or i. Traditional customs and lore include divination practices, ways of trying to predict the future.

A traditional Scottish form of divining one's future spouse is to carve an apple in one long strip, then toss the peel over one's shoulder.

The peel is believed to land in the shape of the first letter of the future spouse's name. Halloween is a popular traditional occasion on the Isle of Man , where it is known as Hop-tu-Naa.

In Saint Helena , Halloween is actively celebrated, largely along the American model, with ghosts, skeletons, devils, vampires, witches and the like.

Imitation pumpkins are used instead of real pumpkins because the pumpkin harvesting season in Saint Helena's hemisphere is not near Halloween. Trick-or-treating is widespread.

Party venues provide entertainment for adults. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. On All Hallows' Eve, Christians in some parts of the world visit graveyards to pray and place flowers and candles on the graves of their loved ones.

Main article: Halloween. See also: Mischief Night. Holidays portal. The Armidale Express. Retrieved 31 October Oxford University Press.

Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 21 November New York: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 14 September National Confectioners Association.

Archived from the original on 27 August Archived from the original on 12 September National Retail Federation. Retrieved 25 October New York Post.

Retrieved 3 November Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 18 December Archived from the original on 3 November Concord Monitor.

Associated Press. Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 3 April Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 24 October NBC News.

China Daily. Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 20 November Market Watch. Dow Jones.

The Japan Times. Retrieved 2 February Asian Journal. Archived from the original on 12 February Archived from the original on 18 August Halloween Horror Nights 7.

About All Hallows Eve: Tonight is the eve of All Saints Day, the festival in the Church that recalls the faith and witness of the men and women who have come before us.

The service celebrates our continuing communion with them, and memorializes the recently deceased. The early church followed the Jewish custom that a new day began at sundown; thus, feasts and festivals in the church were observed beginning on the night before.

National Republic. Among the European nations the beautiful custom of lighting candles for the dead was always a part of the "All Hallow's Eve" festival.

Companion to the Calendar. Liturgy Training Publications. In most of Europe, Halloween is strictly a religious event. Sometimes in North America the church's traditions are lost or confused.

Cranston Herald. Archived from the original on 26 November By the early 20th century, Halloween, like Christmas, was commercialized. Pre-made costumes, decorations and special candy all became available.

The Christian origins of the holiday were downplayed. Leisure and entertainment in America. Retrieved 2 June Halloween, a holiday with religious origins but increasingly secularized as celebrated in America, came to assume major proportions as a children's festivity.

Poolbeg Press. The vigil of the feast is Halloween, the night when charms and incantations were powerful, when people looked into the future, and when feasting and merriment were ordained.

Up to recent time this was a day of abstinence, when according to church ruling no flesh meat was allowed.

Colcannon, apple cake and barm brack, as well as apples and nuts were part of the festive fare. Retrieved 13 August In Ireland, dishes based on potatoes and other vegetables were associated with Halloween, as meat was forbidden during the Catholic vigil and fast leading up to All Saint's Day.

Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 13 October The American Desk Encyclopedia.

Oxford: Oxford Univ. Archived from the original on 29 April University Press of Kentucky, p. New York: Oxford Univ. Retrieved 4 December Prentice Hall Press, Oxford University Press, The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore.

Infobase Publishing, Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Infobase publishing. Infobase Publishing. Archived from the original on 23 April Retrieved 19 October They were both respected and feared.

The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries. Marian The Silver Bough, Volume 3. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Credo Reference. Christmas in Ritual and Tradition.

In The Celtic Consciousness , ed. Robert O'Driscoll. New York: Braziller, The Religion of the Ancient Celts.

Welsh Government. Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 2 October Christian leaders made old Celtic and Roman customs into new Christian ones.

Bonfires were once lighted against evil spirits. Now, they kept away the devil. Hallowe'en: its origin, rites and ceremonies in the Scottish tradition.

Albyn Press, British Folk Customs. Hutchinson, Oral folk-tales of Wessex. The Washington Post. It is the medieval Christian festivals of All Saints' and All Souls' that provide our firmest foundation for Halloween.

From emphasizing dead souls both good and evil , to decorating skeletons, lighting candles for processions, building bonfires to ward off evil spirits, organizing community feasts, and even encouraging carnival practices like costumes, the medieval and early modern traditions of "Hallowtide" fit well with our modern holiday.

Lathrop , Fortress Press, p. Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 19 September Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 25 October Nicholas Magazine.

And this custom became so favored in popular esteem that, for a long time, it was a regular observance in the country towns of England for small companies to go from parish to parish, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: 'Soul, souls, for a soul-cake; Pray you good mistress, a soul-cake!

A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face. Trick-or-treating began as souling an English and Irish tradition in which the poor, wearing masks, would go door to door and beg for soul cakes in exchange for people's dead relatives.

Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. Quote: "Soul cakes were small cakes baked as food for the deceased or offered for the salvation of their souls.

They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead.

The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice". Cake: A Slice of History. Pegasus Books. Like the perennial favourites, hot cross buns; they were often marked with a cross to indicate that they were baked as alms.

Cambria Press. Pelican Publishing Company. Villagers were also encouraged to masquerade on this day, not to frighten unwelcome spirits, but to honor Christian saints.

Poor churches could not afford genuine relics and instead had processions in which parishioners dressed as saints, angels and devils.

It served the new church by giving an acceptable Christian basis to the custom of dressing up on Halloween. The Halloween Handbook.

Kensington Publishing Corporation. Another contributor to the custom of dressing up at Halloween was the old Irish practice of marking All Hallows' Day with religious pageants that recounted biblical events.

These were common during the Middle Ages all across Europe. The featured players dressed as saints and angels, but there were also plenty of roles for demons who had more fun, capering, acting devilish, and playing to the crows.

The pageant began inside the church, then moved by procession to the churchyard, where it continued long into the night.

Pelican Publishing, Ghosts in Popular Culture and Legend. Since the 16th century, costumes have become a central part of Halloween traditions.

Perhaps the most common traditional Halloween costume is that of the ghost. This is likely because The baking and sharing of souls cakes was introduced around the 15th century: in some cultures, the poor would go door to door to collect them in exchange for praying for the dead a practice called souling , often carrying lanterns made of hollowed-out turnips.

Around the 16th century, the practice of going house to house in disguise a practice called guising to ask for food began and was often accompanied by recitation of traditional verses a practice called mumming.

Wearing costumes, another tradition, has many possible explanations, such as it was done to confuse the spirits or souls who visited the earth or who rose from local graveyards to engage in what was called a Danse Macabre, basically a large party among the dead.

University of Pennsylvania Press. Halloween, incorporated into the Christian year as the eve of All Saints Day, marked the return of the souls of the departed and the release of devils who could move freely on that night.

Fires lit on that night served to prevent the influence of such spirits and to provide omens for the future.

Modern children go from house to house at Halloween with flashlights powered by electric batteries, while jack o'lanterns perhaps with an actual candle, but often with a lightbulb glow from windows and porches.

And even then, the educated folk of the districts concerned, declared that these fires were a relic of papistical days, when they were lit at night to guide the poor souls back to earth.

Christianity Today. Sometimes enacted as at village pageants, the danse macabre was also performed as court masques, the courtiers dressing up as corpses from various strata of society Halloween in der Steiermark und anderswo.

On the other hand the postmodern phenomenon of "antifashion" is also to be found in some Halloween costumes. Black and orange are a 'must' with many costumes.

Halloween — like the medieval danse macabre — is closely connected with superstitions and it might be a way of dealing with death in a playful way.

Gorham, p. Christian Origins of Halloween. Rose Publishing. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.

Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.

The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out. The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.

He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.

Halloween in a Globalising World". Gunnell and Co. The Halloween Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp.

Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern! Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p.

New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 27 November Legends and Lore of South Carolina. The History Press. The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling.

Halloween Delights. Whispering Pine Press International. The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.

Collins English Dictionary. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St. Nicholas , October , p.

The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.

The Guardian. The Morning Oregonian. Quote: "Trick or treat? Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 October Stackpole Books.

All Hallows' Eve. A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.

Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk.

Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.

Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.

These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion. McFarland, Mercier Press, Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise.

Philadelphia: Penn Publishing Company. Archived from the original on 8 December Vintage Holiday Crafts.

Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Hudson Valley Magazine. Retrieved 6 October NBC Bay Area. Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July America Haunts.

Archived from the original on 8 March Trick or Treat: A History of Halloween paperback. United Kingdom: Reaktion Books.

Disney Editions. Inside The Magic. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July House of Doom.

Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third Series. July—December The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived from the original PDF on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Simmer Magazine.

Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.

Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.

Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Ireland Central. Pelican Publishing. Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.

Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve. Andrew James Harvey 31 October The Patriot Post.

Or "Halloween" for short — a fixture on the liturgical calendar of the Christian West since the seventh century. Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 24 May The Vigil is based on the monastic office of Vigils or Matins , when the monks would arise in the middle of the night to pray.

On major feast days, they would have an extended service of readings scriptural, patristic, and from lives of the saints in addition to chanting the psalms.

This all would be done in the dark, of course, and was an opportunity to listen carefully to the Word of God as well as the words of the Church Fathers and great saints.

The Vigil of All Saints is an adaptation of this ancient practice, using the canonical office of Compline at the end. Cor et Lumen Christi Community.

Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 2 November In its first year — AD — over people participated from several countries.

This included special All Saints Vigil masses, extended periods of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and parties for children.

In our second year 10, participated. Since these modest beginnings, the Night of Light has been adopted in many countries around the world with vast numbers involved each year from a Cathedral in India to a convent in New Zealand; from Churches in the US and Europe to Africa; in Schools, churches, homes and church halls all ages have got involved.

Although it began in the Catholic Church it has been taken up be other Christians who while keeping its essentials have adapted it to suit their own traditions.

The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 6 November It was invented in , in leafy Chertsey, Surrey, when perhaps 1, people took part.

Now it is a worldwide movement, popular in Africa and the United States. The heart of the Night of Light is an all-night vigil of prayer, but there is room for children's fun too: sweets, perhaps a bonfire and dressing up as St George or St Lucy.

The minimum gesture is to put a lighted candle in the window, which is in itself too exciting for some proponents of health and safety.

The inventor of the Night of Light is Damian Stayne, the founder of a year-round religious community called Cor et Lumen Christi — heart and light of Christ.

This new movement is Catholic, orthodox and charismatic — emphasising the work of the Holy Spirit. An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church.

The BOS notes that "suitable festivities and entertainments" may precede of follow the service, and there may be a visit to a cemetery or burial place.

My folks are Polish and they celebrate Halloween in a different way. It is time to remember your dead and visit the cemetery and graves of your loved ones.

The Church of England. Archived from the original on 18 May Christianity needs to make clear its positive message for young people.

It's high time we reclaimed the Christian aspects of Halloween," says the Bishop, explaining the background to his letter. Retrieved 22 October Frank Gavin Liturgical Foundation.

Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 28 October Other Christians will opt for Halloween alternatives called 'Harvest Festivals', 'Hallelujah Night' or 'Reformation Festivals' — the kids dress up as farmers, Bible characters, or Reformation heroes.

Evangelical Christians and Popular Culture. Evangelicals have found opportunities with both Christmas and Easter to use Christian candy to re-inject religion into these traditionally Christian holidays and boldly reclaim them as their own.

They have increasingly begun to use Halloween, the most candy-centric holiday, as an opportunity for evangelism. Archived from the original on 29 October All Saints Parish.

Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 22 November A Companion to the Lesser Feasts and Fasts.

Cowley Publications. All Saints' Day is the centerpiece of an autumn triduum. In the carnival celebrations of All Hallows' Eve our ancestors used the most powerful weapon in the human arsenal, the power of humor and ridicule to confront the power of death.

The following day, in the commemoration of All Saints, we gave witness to the victory of incarnate goodness embodied in remarkable deeds and doers triumphing over the misanthropy of darkness and devils.

And in the commemoration of All Souls we proclaimed the hope of common mortality expressed in our aspirations and expectations of a shared eternity.

Retrieved 24 October The Catholic Schools of Broome County. USA Today. Retrieved 7 November While some Christians aren't certain what to make of Halloween — unsure whether to embrace or ignore all the goblins and ghoulishness — some evangelical churches use Oct.

Some use trick-or-treating as an evangelistic opportunity, giving out Bible tracts with candy. The Restored Church of God. Retrieved 21 September Marcus , University of Washington Press, p.

Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 5 March Not quite sure. The Manitoban. Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 29 May The Belfast Telegraph.

Archived from the original on 20 January Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 11 October Herald Sun.

In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark Telefonbuch Online Kostenlos. So he lies to Gilda about where the gun came from, until he can discuss the truth with her more thoroughly. This is likely because Retrieved 19 September Spielsucht Wie Kann Ich Helfen services[2] prayer[3] fasting[1] and vigil [4]. For other uses, see All Hallows' Eve disambiguation and Halloween disambiguation. Halloween The Holiday

Christian Origins of Halloween. Rose Publishing. In Protestant regions souling remained an important occasion for soliciting food and money from rich neighbors in preparation for the coming cold and dark months.

Fires were indeed lit in England on All Saints' Day, notably in Lancashire, and may well ultimately have descended from the same rites, but were essentially party of a Christian ceremony Each did so on a hill near its homestead, one person holding a large bunch of burning straw on the end of a fork.

The rest in a circle around and prayed for the souls of relatives and friends until the flames burned out. The author who recorded this custom added that it gradually died out in the latter part of the century, but that before it had been very common and at nearby Whittingham such fires could be seen all around the horizon at Hallowe'en.

He went on to say that the name 'Purgatory Field', found across northern Lancashire, testified to an even wider distribution, and that the rite itself was called 'Teen'lay'.

Halloween in a Globalising World". Gunnell and Co. The Halloween Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 27 July Frank Leslie's popular monthly, Volume 40, November , pp.

Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 23 October Why, it will gleam through the holes, and make thee look like a jack-o'-lantern!

Schakel , Bucknell University Press, p. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 27 November Legends and Lore of South Carolina.

The History Press. The practice of dressing up and going door to door for treats dates back to the middle ages and the practice of souling.

Halloween Delights. Whispering Pine Press International. The tradition continued in some areas of northern England as late as the s, with children going from door to door "souling" for cakes or money by singing a song.

Collins English Dictionary. Archived from the original on 14 October Wright, "A Halloween Story", St. Nicholas , October , p. The Chicago Tribune also mentioned door-to-door begging in Aurora, Illinois on Halloween in , although not by the term 'trick-or-treating'.

The Guardian. The Morning Oregonian. Quote: "Trick or treat? Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 October Stackpole Books.

All Hallows' Eve. A time of spiritual unrest, when the souls of the dead, along with ghosts and evil spirits, were believed to walk the land.

Church bells were run and fires lit to guide these souls on their way and deflect them from haunting honest Christian folk.

Barns and homes were blessed to protect people and livestock from the effects of witches, who were believed to accompany the malignant spirits as they traveld the earth.

Although a rare few continued to divine the future, cast spells, and tell ghost stories in rural communities, woe to anyone who was denounced to the church for engaging in such activities.

These may seem like innocent fun today, but it was deadly serious stuff during the Middle Ages. Celtic Myth and Religion. McFarland, Mercier Press, Parlor Games for the Wise and Otherwise.

Philadelphia: Penn Publishing Company. Archived from the original on 8 December Vintage Holiday Crafts. Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 28 October Hudson Valley Magazine.

Retrieved 6 October NBC Bay Area. Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 21 July America Haunts. Archived from the original on 8 March Trick or Treat: A History of Halloween paperback.

United Kingdom: Reaktion Books. Disney Editions. Inside The Magic. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 22 July House of Doom.

Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 8 August Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third Series. July—December The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 13 August Archived from the original PDF on 15 February Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 3 November Simmer Magazine.

Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 October All Hallow's Eve was a Western Anglo Christian holiday that revolved around commemorating the dead using humor to intimidate death itself.

Like all holidays, All Hallow's Eve involved traditional treats. The church encouraged an abstinence from meat, which created many vegetarian dishes.

Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 23 January Ireland Central. Pelican Publishing.

Polish Catholics taught their children to pray out loud as they walked through the woods so that the souls of the dead could hear them and be comforted.

Priests in tiny Spanish villages still ring their church bells to remind parishioners to honor the dead on All Hallows Eve.

Andrew James Harvey 31 October The Patriot Post. Or "Halloween" for short — a fixture on the liturgical calendar of the Christian West since the seventh century.

Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 24 May The Vigil is based on the monastic office of Vigils or Matins , when the monks would arise in the middle of the night to pray.

On major feast days, they would have an extended service of readings scriptural, patristic, and from lives of the saints in addition to chanting the psalms.

This all would be done in the dark, of course, and was an opportunity to listen carefully to the Word of God as well as the words of the Church Fathers and great saints.

The Vigil of All Saints is an adaptation of this ancient practice, using the canonical office of Compline at the end.

Cor et Lumen Christi Community. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 2 November In its first year — AD — over people participated from several countries.

This included special All Saints Vigil masses, extended periods of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and parties for children. In our second year 10, participated.

Since these modest beginnings, the Night of Light has been adopted in many countries around the world with vast numbers involved each year from a Cathedral in India to a convent in New Zealand; from Churches in the US and Europe to Africa; in Schools, churches, homes and church halls all ages have got involved.

Although it began in the Catholic Church it has been taken up be other Christians who while keeping its essentials have adapted it to suit their own traditions.

The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 6 November It was invented in , in leafy Chertsey, Surrey, when perhaps 1, people took part.

Now it is a worldwide movement, popular in Africa and the United States. The heart of the Night of Light is an all-night vigil of prayer, but there is room for children's fun too: sweets, perhaps a bonfire and dressing up as St George or St Lucy.

The minimum gesture is to put a lighted candle in the window, which is in itself too exciting for some proponents of health and safety. The inventor of the Night of Light is Damian Stayne, the founder of a year-round religious community called Cor et Lumen Christi — heart and light of Christ.

This new movement is Catholic, orthodox and charismatic — emphasising the work of the Holy Spirit. An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church.

The BOS notes that "suitable festivities and entertainments" may precede of follow the service, and there may be a visit to a cemetery or burial place.

My folks are Polish and they celebrate Halloween in a different way. It is time to remember your dead and visit the cemetery and graves of your loved ones.

The Church of England. Archived from the original on 18 May Christianity needs to make clear its positive message for young people.

It's high time we reclaimed the Christian aspects of Halloween," says the Bishop, explaining the background to his letter.

Retrieved 22 October Frank Gavin Liturgical Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 28 October Other Christians will opt for Halloween alternatives called 'Harvest Festivals', 'Hallelujah Night' or 'Reformation Festivals' — the kids dress up as farmers, Bible characters, or Reformation heroes.

Evangelical Christians and Popular Culture. Evangelicals have found opportunities with both Christmas and Easter to use Christian candy to re-inject religion into these traditionally Christian holidays and boldly reclaim them as their own.

They have increasingly begun to use Halloween, the most candy-centric holiday, as an opportunity for evangelism.

Archived from the original on 29 October All Saints Parish. Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 22 November A Companion to the Lesser Feasts and Fasts.

Cowley Publications. All Saints' Day is the centerpiece of an autumn triduum. In the carnival celebrations of All Hallows' Eve our ancestors used the most powerful weapon in the human arsenal, the power of humor and ridicule to confront the power of death.

The following day, in the commemoration of All Saints, we gave witness to the victory of incarnate goodness embodied in remarkable deeds and doers triumphing over the misanthropy of darkness and devils.

And in the commemoration of All Souls we proclaimed the hope of common mortality expressed in our aspirations and expectations of a shared eternity.

Retrieved 24 October The Catholic Schools of Broome County. USA Today. Retrieved 7 November While some Christians aren't certain what to make of Halloween — unsure whether to embrace or ignore all the goblins and ghoulishness — some evangelical churches use Oct.

Some use trick-or-treating as an evangelistic opportunity, giving out Bible tracts with candy. The Restored Church of God. Retrieved 21 September Marcus , University of Washington Press, p.

Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 5 March Not quite sure. The Manitoban. Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 29 May The Belfast Telegraph.

Archived from the original on 20 January Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 11 October Herald Sun. Retrieved 7 October The New Zealand Herald.

The government of Camarines Sur. Retrieved 30 October Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 27 April See also: Bibliography of Halloween.

Diane C. Abrams, Inc. Halloween at Wikipedia's sister projects. Halloween events. Books Films Music albums songs Television. Death anniversary Death customs Kaddish Yizkor.

Category: Halloween. Liturgical year of the Catholic Church. Immaculate Conception Gaudete Sunday December 17 to Presentation of the Lord.

Septuagesima Sexagesima Quinquagesima. Legend Italic font marks the 10 holy days of obligation in the universal calendar which do not normally fall on a Sunday.

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States. Games are often played, such as bobbing for apples , in which apples, peanuts, and other nuts and fruit and some small coins are placed in a basin of water.

Another common game involves the hands-free eating of an apple hung on a string attached to the ceiling.

Games of divination are also played at Halloween. In Italy All Saints' Day is a public holiday.

These are still the main holidays. In Sardinia, Concas de Mortu Head of the deads , carved pumpkins that look like skulls, with candles inside are displayed.

Since the fall of Communism in , Halloween has become increasingly popular in Poland and the Czech Republic.

Particularly, it is celebrated among younger people. The influx of Western tourists and expats throughout the s introduced the costume party aspect of Hallowe'en celebrations, particularly in clubs and at private house parties.

Door-to-door trick or treating is not common. Pumpkin carving is becoming more evident, following a strong North American version of the tradition.

Romanians observe the Feast of St. Andrew , patron saint of Romania, on 30 November. On St. Andrew's Eve ghosts are said to be about. A number of customs related to divination, in other places connected to Halloween, are associated with this night.

Both the Catholic and Orthodox Churches in Romania discourage Halloween celebrations, advising their parishioners to focus rather on the "Day of the Dead" on 1 November, when special religious observances are held for the souls of the deceased.

Celebration of western Halloween began in the s around the downfall of the Soviet regime, when costume and ghoulish parties spread throughout night clubs throughout Russia.

Halloween is generally celebrated by younger generations and is not widely celebrated in civic society e. In fact, Halloween is among the Western celebrations that the Russian government and politicians—which have grown increasingly anti-Western in the early s—are trying to eliminate from public celebration.

In Spain, celebrations involve eating castanyes roast chestnuts , panellets special almond balls covered in pine nuts , moniatos roast or baked sweet potato , Ossos de Sant cake and preserved fruit candied or glazed fruit.

Moscatell Muscat is drunk from porrons. In many places, confectioners often organise raffles of chestnuts and preserved fruit. The tradition of eating these foods comes from the fact that during All Saints' night, on the eve of All Souls' Day in the Christian tradition, bell ringers would ring bells in commemoration of the dead into the early morning.

Friends and relatives would help with this task, and everyone would eat these foods for sustenance. Other versions of the story state that the Castanyada originates at the end of the 18th century and comes from the old funeral meals, where other foods, such as vegetables and dried fruit were not served.

The meal had the symbolic significance of a communion with the souls of the departed: while the chestnuts were roasting, prayers would be said for the person who had just died.

The festival is usually depicted with the figure of a castanyera : an old lady, dressed in peasant's clothing and wearing a headscarf , sitting behind a table, roasting chestnuts for street sale.

In recent years, the Castanyada has become a revetlla of All Saints and is celebrated in the home and community. It is the first of the four main school festivals, alongside Christmas , Carnestoltes and St George's Day , without reference to ritual or commemoration of the dead.

Throughout the period of Allhallowtide, starting with All Hallow's Eve, Swedish families visit churchyards and adorn the graves of their family members with lit candles and wreaths fashioned from pine branches.

Among children, the practice of dressing in costume and collecting candy has gained popularity in recent years. In Switzerland , Halloween, after first becoming popular in , is on the wane, and is most popular with young adults who attend parties.

Switzerland already has a "festival overload" and even though Swiss people like to dress up for any occasion, they do prefer a traditional element, such as in the Fasnacht tradition of chasing away winter using noise and masks.

In the past, on All Souls' Eve families would stay up late, and little "soul cakes" were eaten. At the stroke of midnight, there was solemn silence among households, which had candles burning in every room to guide the souls back to visit their earthly homes and a glass of wine on the table to refresh them.

The tradition of giving soul cakes that originated in Great Britain and Ireland was known as souling , often seen as the origin of modern trick or treating in North America, and souling continued in parts of England as late as the s, with children going from door to door singing songs and saying prayers for the dead in return for cakes or money.

Trick or treating and other Halloween celebrations are extremely popular, with shops decorated with witches and pumpkins, and young people attending costume parties.

The name Halloween is first attested in the 16th century as a Scottish shortening of the fuller All-Hallow-Even , that is, the night before All Hallows' Day.

Scottish poet Robert Burns was influenced by Maynes composition, and portrayed some of the customs in his poem Halloween Among the earliest record of Guising at Halloween in Scotland is in , where masqueraders in disguise carrying lanterns made out of scooped out turnips, visit homes to be rewarded with cakes, fruit and money.

The children's practice of " guising ", going from door to door in costumes for food or coins, is a traditional Halloween custom in Scotland.

A traditional Halloween game includes apple " dooking ", [94] or "dunking" or i. Traditional customs and lore include divination practices, ways of trying to predict the future.

A traditional Scottish form of divining one's future spouse is to carve an apple in one long strip, then toss the peel over one's shoulder.

The peel is believed to land in the shape of the first letter of the future spouse's name. Halloween is a popular traditional occasion on the Isle of Man , where it is known as Hop-tu-Naa.

In Saint Helena , Halloween is actively celebrated, largely along the American model, with ghosts, skeletons, devils, vampires, witches and the like.

Imitation pumpkins are used instead of real pumpkins because the pumpkin harvesting season in Saint Helena's hemisphere is not near Halloween.

Trick-or-treating is widespread. Party venues provide entertainment for adults. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

On All Hallows' Eve, Christians in some parts of the world visit graveyards to pray and place flowers and candles on the graves of their loved ones.

Main article: Halloween. See also: Mischief Night. Holidays portal. The Armidale Express. Retrieved 31 October Oxford University Press.

Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 21 November New York: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 14 September National Confectioners Association.

The Irish immigrants brought the custom with them and people, always ready for a party, accepted it, and expanded on it. Combining the customs from various cultures as well as what was already present in American, people began to dress up in costumes and go house to house asking for food.

By the end of the century, the celebrations and parties were common enough that formal efforts began to be made to promote it into a family and community event.

Parties for adults and children alike were enjoyed by all and Halloween lost what little was left of it's superstitious and religious origins. As the twentieth century progress into the '20s and '30s, the custom had grown into a secular, community affair, with costumes and parades, but vandalism began to raise it's head as well.

Community leaders worked on this, and by the s it was pretty well curbed, and Halloween gained in popularity as a result. Increasing populations had forced the parties from community centers into homes and classrooms and Trick Or Treating was accepted nearly everywhere.

The last few decades have seen an enormous growth in the economics of Halloween; it is second only to Christmas in its ability to generate income for businesses.

Halloween costume parties are becoming ever more popular, and those scary costumes can be astronomical in their price.

Candy sales are huge, and even more is being spent on children's parties. Long ago, the poor would go door to door on Nov. The practice was so popular that it was even referenced in Shakespeare's comedy The Two Gentlemen of Verona.

Deeper roots probably go even further back to the practice on Samhain of putting food offerings on the doorstep at night to placate the dead that were roaming the night then.

Guising was a similar practice, where children dressed in costume visited homes asking for coins, fruits, or cakes. Carrying scooped out turnips with candles in them for lanterns this practice is much closer to the modern trick or treating.

Guising is recorded in in Scotland and in North America in when the newspaper in Kingston, Ontario mentions children guising around the neighborhood.

Both of these practices probably had a part in developing Trick or Treating, and both probably come from the older Celtic activities, but in any case the practice had become commonplace in America by the mids.

It spread back to Britain in the s, not always with the blessings of the powers-that-be. Although the very early versions often did offer a real choice between Trick and Treat, it has become more just Treat, without any possibility of the Trick.

Not to say that Halloween mischief doesn't happen, but it is no longer a part of the Trick or Treat custom. One of the more amusing tales from the history of Halloween is the legend of how the jack-o-lantern came to be.

As the story has it, Ireland where else? Now, Jack was not one of mankind's best examples; he was a drunkard, lewd, and a petty thief.

Not surprisingly, Jack got into an argument with the devil one day and somehow convinced the devil to turn himself into a coin.

Quick as a wink, Jack snatched up the coin and put it into his pocket. The same pocket that held a cross; the devil couldn't change back or get out!

After much back and forth, Jack finally released the devil after extracting a promise that the devil would leave him alone for the next year.

A year went by, and the devil once more came after Jack, only to be tricked into climbing a tree. Quickly, Jack carved a cross into the trunk of the tree, again trapping the devil.

This time the price of freedom was a promise to never take Jack into Hell. Eventually, Jack died but, being the man he was, never stood a chance of entering heaven.

Poor Jack visited the devil, asking him to relent on his promise and let Jack into Hell but the devil refused. Jack was forced back out of Hell, but on leaving the devil flipped him an eternal coal from the fires of hell, and even today Jack still roams Ireland, carrying that coal in a hollowed-out turnip to light his way.

Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. You really did a great job on this article!

I really enjoyed reading it, especially with Halloween coming up so soon! Thank you, gm. It was a fascinating bit of research not only in the very beginnings with the celts and druids, but in the slower formation of the customs we use in the US today.

The story of Jack O'Lantern I found particularly amusing. Halloween is one of our scariestly fun holidays.

I was thoroughly entranced by this hub! Fascinating hub. One of the best, most detailed explanations of Halloween I've seen on hubpages so far. Great work, thanks for sharing!

Yes, it's sort of strange that we don't celebrate it more in the UK. There's a small amount of trick-or-treating and schools discos.

We have always decorated our front window with a Jack o' Lantern, some spooky witchy artifacts and the darkest tarot cards but the number of kids that come for sweeties are getting fewer each year.

Being of a pagan persuasion, it has slightly more meaning for me, but I don't make a big thing of it. Thanks for so much history!

Had never heard of any of it!!! I think it's because I'm more Welsh than Irish- ahem And great pictures. Some of them are just so cute that little pink girl CAN'T be any part of the story can she?

We don't have Halloween here in Italy though the Pagans are responsible for lots of holidays and traditions!

We have a public holiday to celebrate the Day of The Dead and the Day of Saints and people take flowers to the graves of their loved ones and then go and have a great lunch somewhere.

No witches or Lanterns. Tweeting this and voting too. Trick or treating is changing in Canada--parents take their children to the mall before it gets dark.

Misses the point somehow, and lacks the feeling of community kids got walking through the neighbourhood at night asking for treats, and being welcomed.

I think people are afraid of poisoned treats and car or firecracker accidents at night. Celebrating Halloween with trick-or-treating is a fairly new phenomenon in the UK.

This is a fascinating look at the history, really enjoyed it. I love Halloween! When it feels like fall out Last year I couldn't celebrate in any way because I was in class all night.

Hopefully this year I can at least be home to hand out candy or something. I never thought of it that way, but you're right.

Halloween The Holiday