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Die Republik Jemen (amtlich Jemenitische Republik, arabisch الجمهورية اليمنية, DMG des Jemen (arabisch); Länderinformationen des Auswärtigen Amtes zum Jemen · Deutsche Botschaft in Sanaa · Jemenitische Botschaft in Deutschland. Die Jemen-Krise ist eine Mischung interner Konflikte konfessioneller und politischer Natur, die seit Anfang des Jahrhunderts im Jemen stattfinden. Derzeit ist. Krieg, Armut, Cholera - und jetzt hat auch noch das Coronavirus den Jemen erreicht. Dem Land könnte der Kollaps drohen, befürchten. Die nächstgelegene deutsche Auslandsvertretung ist zwar die deutsche Botschaft in Riad, Saudi-Arabien. Die Dienstgeschäfte für Jemen werden von Amman aus. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für Yemen im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.

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Jahrhunderts im Jemen stattfinden. Derzeit ist das Land von zwei Aufständen betroffen: dem der salafistisch - dschihadistischen al-Qaida auf der arabischen Halbinsel und den angeschlossenen Gruppen seit und dem durch die Huthi ausgelösten Huthi-Konflikt.

Nachdem die Verhandlungen mit anderen Gruppen, unter anderem der sunnitischen al-Islah scheiterten, übten die Rebellen weiterhin starken Druck auf die geschwächte Regierung aus, sodass der Präsidentenpalast und die private Residenz des Präsidenten Ziel von Angriffen blieben.

Hadi erklärte im Januar zusammen mit seinen Ministern seinen Rücktritt, was vom jemenitischen Parlament zurückgewiesen wurde.

Am März begann die Militärintervention im Jemen Al-Qaida ist seit im Jemen vorhanden. Dieser Angriff, wie auch die Terroranschläge am Der saudi-arabische Zweig von al-Qaida wurde des Königreiches verwiesen und fand Zuflucht im Jemen.

AQAP kämpft auch gegen die Huthis. Die Huthis sind schiitische Zaiditen , die seit gegen die Streitkräfte des jemenitischen Staats Widerstand leisteten, aber auch gegen al-Qaida auf der arabischen Halbinsel.

Im Nordwesten des Landes aktiv, prangerten sie die Marginalisierung der zaiditischen Minderheit sowie die Ungleichheit und Unterentwicklung der Region an.

Sie werden vom Iran unterstützt und nehmen auch eine kritische Haltung gegenüber der Allianz des Jemen mit Saudi-Arabien und den Vereinigten Staaten ein.

Im Februar wurde verkündet, dass der Jemen ein Bundesstaat sein solle. Die als Arabischer Frühling bekannte Serie von Protesten begann mit der tunesischen Revolution und erfasste kurze Zeit später auch den Jemen.

Bis war das Land schon mit Herausforderungen mit al-Qaida verbundenen Kämpfern sowie Separatisten des Südens und zaiditischen schiitischen Rebellen im Norden konfrontiert.

Der Jemen hatte sich erst vereinigt, die tiefen Trennungen zwischen dem Nord- und Südjemen bestehen weiterhin. Die Volksproteste brachen Anfang aus und wurden von säkularen wie islamischen Oppositionsgruppen geführt.

Saleh wurde wahrscheinlich in einem versuchten Attentat fast getötet, als eine Bombe in einer Moschee explodierte, wo er und andere hohe Amtsträger der Regierung am 3.

Juni beteten. September nach mehreren Monaten medizinischer Behandlung ins Amt zurück. Als Interimspräsident traf sich Hadi mit der Opposition und zeigte Bereitschaft zur Öffnung gegenüber politischen Reformen.

Allerdings verwarf er die Idee, Saleh gegen dessen Willen abzusetzen. November seine Bereitschaft, zurückzutreten, im Gegenzug erhielt er Immunität.

Als Teil des Abkommens stimmte die Opposition zu, dass Hadi bei der Präsidentschaftswahl ohne Oppositionskandidat antrat. Die Kämpfe verstärkten sich im November und Dezember Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, a cousin of the new acting president, called the takeover a "glorious revolution.

Hadi managed to flee from Sana'a to Aden, his hometown and stronghold in the south , on 21 February He promptly gave a televised speech rescinding his resignation, condemning the coup, and calling for recognition as the constitutional president of Yemen.

All U. On 26 March , Saudi Arabia announced Operation Decisive Storm and began airstrikes and announced its intentions to lead a military coalition against the Houthis , whom they claimed were being aided by Iran , and began a force buildup along the Yemeni border.

The United States announced that it was assisting with intelligence, targeting, and logistics. Saudi Arabia and Egypt would not rule out ground operations.

After Hadi troops took control of Aden from Houthis, jihadist groups became active in the city, and some terrorist incidents were linked to them such as Missionaries of Charity attack in Aden on 4 March More than 50, children in Yemen died from starvation in Many of the islands are volcanic; for example Jabal al-Tair had a volcanic eruption in , and before that in Although mainland Yemen is in the southern Arabian Peninsula and thus part of Asia , and its Hanish Islands and Perim in the Red Sea are associated with Asia, the archipelago of Socotra, which lies east of the horn of Somalia and is much closer to Africa than to Asia.

Yemen can be divided geographically into four main regions: the coastal plains in the west, the western highlands, the eastern highlands, and the Rub' al Khali in the east.

Despite the aridity, the presence of many lagoons makes this region very marshy and a suitable breeding ground for malaria mosquitos.

Extensive crescent-shaped sand dunes are present. The evaporation in the Tihamah is so great that streams from the highlands never reach the sea, but they do contribute to extensive groundwater reserves.

Today, these are heavily exploited for agricultural use. The Tihamah ends abruptly at the escarpment of the western highlands.

Temperatures are warm in the day but fall dramatically at night. Perennial streams occur in the highlands, but these never reach the sea because of high evaporation in the Tihamah.

This area is drier than the western highlands because of rain-shadow influences, but still receives sufficient rain in wet years for extensive cropping.

Water storage allows for irrigation and the growing of wheat and barley. Sana'a is in this region. It is populated only by Bedouin herders of camels.

The growing scarcity of water is a source of increasing international concern. See Water supply and sanitation in Yemen.

The flora of Yemen is a mixture of the tropical African, Sudanian plant geographical region and the Saharo-Arabian region. The Sudanian element—characterized by relatively high rainfall—dominates the western mountains and parts of the highland plains.

The Saharo-Arabian element dominates in the coastal plains, eastern mountain, and the eastern and northern desert plains.

A high percentage of Yemen plants belong to tropical African plants of Sudanian regions. Among the Sudanian element species, the following may be mentioned: Ficus spp.

Many of the Saharo-Arabian species are endemic to the extensive sandy coastal plain the Tihamah. Among the fauna, the Arabian leopard , which would inhabit the mountains, is considered rare here.

Yemen is a republic with a bicameral legislature. Under the constitution, an elected President, an elected seat Assembly of Representatives , and an appointed member Shura Council share power.

The President is the head of state , and the Prime Minister is the head of government. In Sana'a, a Supreme Political Council not recognized internationally forms the government.

The constitution provides that the president be elected by popular vote from at least two candidates endorsed by at least 15 members of the Parliament.

The prime minister, in turn, is appointed by the president and must be approved by two-thirds of the Parliament. The presidential term of office is seven years, and the parliamentary term of elected office is six years.

Suffrage is universal for people age 18 and older, but only Muslims may hold elected office. President Ali Abdullah Saleh became the first elected President in reunified Yemen in though he had been President of unified Yemen since and president of North Yemen since He was re-elected to office in September Saleh's victory was marked by an election that international observers judged was "partly free," though the election was accompanied by violence, violations of press freedoms, and allegations of fraud.

Saleh remained almost uncontested in his seat of power until , when local frustration at his refusal to hold another round of elections, as combined with the impact of the Arab Spring, resulted in mass protests.

The constitution calls for an independent judiciary. The former northern and southern legal codes have been unified. The legal system includes separate commercial courts and a Supreme Court based in Sana'a.

Sharia is the main source of laws, with many court cases being debated according to the religious basis of law and many judges being religious scholars as well as legal authorities.

The geography and ruling imams of North Yemen kept the country isolated from foreign influence before The country's relations with Saudi Arabia were defined by the Taif Agreement of , which delineated the northernmost part of the border between the two kingdoms and set the framework for commercial and other intercourse.

The Taif Agreement has been renewed periodically in year increments, and its validity was reaffirmed in Relations with the British colonial authorities in Aden and the south were usually tense.

Following the September revolution, the Yemen Arab Republic became closely allied with and heavily dependent upon Egypt.

Saudi Arabia aided the royalists in their attempt to defeat the Republicans and did not recognize the Yemen Arab Republic until At the same time, Saudi Arabia maintained direct contact with Yemeni tribes, which sometimes strained its official relations with the Yemeni Government.

Saudi Arabia remained hostile to any form of political and social reform in Yemen [] and continued to provide financial support for tribal elites.

In February , North Yemen joined Iraq, Jordan, and Egypt in forming the Arab Cooperation Council ACC , an organization created partly in response to the founding of the Gulf Cooperation Council and intended to foster closer economic cooperation and integration among its members.

Yemen is not a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council mainly for its republican government. Yemen is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League , and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation , and also participates in the nonaligned movement.

Since the end of the civil war, tangible progress has been made on the diplomatic front in restoring normal relations with Yemen's neighbors. In the summer of , Yemen and Saudi Arabia signed an International Border Treaty settling a year-old dispute over the location of the border between the two countries.

Until the signing of the Yemen-Saudi Arabia peace treaty in July , [] Yemen's northern border was undefined; the Arabian Desert prevented any human habitation there.

Yemen settled its dispute with Eritrea over the Hanish Islands in The Saudi — Yemen barrier was constructed by Saudi Arabia against an influx of illegal immigrants and against the smuggling of drugs and weapons.

The government and its security forces, often considered to suffer from rampant corruption, [] have been responsible for torture, inhumane treatment, and extrajudicial executions.

There are arbitrary arrests of citizens, especially in the south, as well as arbitrary searches of homes. Prolonged pretrial detention is a serious problem, and judicial corruption, inefficiency, and executive interference undermine due process.

Freedom of speech, the press, and religion are all restricted. Since the start of the Shia insurgency, many people accused of supporting al-Houthi have been arrested and held without charge or trial.

According to the U. State Department International Religious Freedom Report , "Some Zaydis reported harassment and discrimination by the government because they were suspected of sympathizing with the al-Houthis.

However, it appears the Government's actions against the group were probably politically, not religiously, motivated.

Committee for Refugees and Immigrants reported several violations of refugee and asylum seekers' rights in the organization's World Refugee Survey. Yemeni authorities reportedly deported numerous foreigners without giving them access to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees , despite the UN's repeated requests.

Refugees further reported violence directed against them by Yemeni authorities while living in refugee camps. Yemeni officials reportedly raped and beat camp-based refugees with impunity in Yemen is ranked last of countries in the Global Gender Gap Report.

The onset of puberty interpreted by some to be as low as the age of nine was set as a requirement for marriage instead.

On 30 June , a human rights group revealed the scale of torture and deaths in Yemen's unofficial detention centres.

UAE and Saudi forces were responsible for some of the most shocking treatment of prisoners, including being hung upside down for hours and sexual torture such as the burning of genitals.

The United States Department of State Trafficking in Persons report classified Yemen as a Tier 3 country, [] meaning that its government does not fully comply with the minimum standards against human trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.

Yemen officially abolished slavery in , [] but it is still being practiced. A major reorganization of the armed forces continues. The unified air forces and air defenses are now under one command.

The navy has concentration in Aden. Total armed forces manning numbers about , active personnel, including moreover especially conscripts. The number of military personnel in Yemen is relatively high; in sum, Yemen has the second largest military force on the Arabian Peninsula after Saudi Arabia.

In , total active troops were estimated as follows: army, ,; navy, 7,; and air force, 5, In September , the government announced the reinstatement of compulsory military service.

Yemen's defense budget, which in represented approximately 40 percent of the total government budget, is expected to remain high for the near term, as the military draft takes effect and internal security threats continue to escalate.

By , Yemen had , active personnel. As of the end of , Yemen was divided into twenty governorates muhafazat — the latest being Raymah Governorate, which was created during plus one municipality called "Amanat Al-Asemah" the latter containing the constitutional capital, Sana'a.

In , a constitutional panel decided to divide the country into six regions—four in the north, two in the south, and capital Sana'a outside of any region—creating a federalist model of governance.

Services are the largest economic sector Principal agricultural commodities produced in the nation include grain, vegetables, fruits, pulses , qat , coffee, cotton, dairy products, fish, livestock sheep, goats, cattle, camels , and poultry.

Most Yemenis are employed in agriculture. Cotton and many fruit trees are also grown, with mangoes being the most valuable.

A big problem in Yemen is the cultivation of Khat or qat , a psychoactive plant that releases a stimulant when chewed, and accounts for up to 40 percent of the water drawn from the Sana'a Basin each year, and that figure is rising.

Some agricultural practices are drying the Sana'a Basin and displaced vital crops, which has resulted in increasing food prices.

Rising food prices, in turn, pushed an additional six percent of the country into poverty in alone. Yemen's industrial sector is centred on crude oil production and petroleum refining, food processing, handicrafts, small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods, aluminum products, commercial ship repair, cement, and natural gas production.

In , Yemen had an industrial production growth rate of 4. The labor force was seven million workers in The main export commodities are crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas.

The main imported commodities are machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, livestock, and chemicals. These products were mainly imported from the EU Taxes and other revenues constituted roughly The public debt was Its inflation rate over the same period based on consumer prices was Beginning in the mids, the Soviet Union and China provided large-scale assistance.

In the south, pre-independence economic activity was overwhelmingly concentrated in the port city of Aden. The seaborne transit trade, which the port relied upon, collapsed with the closure of the Suez Canal and Britain's withdrawal from Aden in Since the conclusion of the war, the government made an agreement with the International Monetary Fund IMF to implement a structural adjustment program.

Phase one of the program included major financial and monetary reforms, including floating the currency, reducing the budget deficit, and cutting subsidies.

Phase two addresses structural issues, such as civil service reform. A key challenge is severe water scarcity , especially in the Highlands, prompting The Times to write "Yemen could become first nation to run out of water.

Access to water supply sanitation is as low as in some sub-Saharan African countries. Yemen is both the poorest country and the most water-scarce country in the Arab world.

Third, the capacity of sector institutions to plan, build, operate and maintain infrastructure remains limited.

Last but not least the security situation makes it even more difficult to improve or even maintain existing levels of service. For example, in Sana'a, the water table was 30 metres 98 feet below surface in the s but had dropped to 1, metres 3, feet below surface by The groundwater has not been regulated by Yemen's governments.

Even before the revolution, Yemen's water situation had been described as increasingly dire by experts who worried that Yemen would be the first country to run out of water.

A large portion of Yemenis are dependent on small-scale subsistence agriculture. Half of the agricultural water in Yemen is used to grow khat , a drug that many Yemenis chew.

Due to the Yemeni civil war , the situation is increasingly dire. Bombing has forced many Yemenis to leave their homes for other areas, and so wells in those areas are under increasing pressure.

In , it was 4. It is the 30th highest in the world. According to Muqaddasi , Persians formed the majority of Aden's population in the 10th century.

Yemenite Jews once formed a sizable minority in Yemen with a distinct culture from other Jewish communities in the world.

Most of the prominent Indonesians , Malaysians , and Singaporeans of Arab descent are Hadhrami people with origins in southern Yemen in the Hadramawt coastal region.

The Maqil were a collection of Arab Bedouin tribes of Yemeni origin who migrated westwards via Egypt.

Several groups of Yemeni Arabs turned south to Mauritania , and by the end of the 17th century, they dominated the entire country. They can also be found throughout Morocco and in Algeria as well as in other North African Countries.

Yemen is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that is signatory to two international accords dating back to and governing the protection of refugees.

Refugees and asylum seekers living in Yemen were predominantly from Somalia , , Iraq 11, , Ethiopia 2, , [] and Syria. The Yemeni diaspora is largely concentrated in neighbouring Saudi Arabia, where between , and 1 million Yemenis reside, [] and the United Kingdom, home to between 70, and 80, Yemenis.

Modern Standard Arabic is the official language of Yemen, while Yemeni Arabic is used as the vernacular. In al Mahrah Governorate in the far east and the island of Socotra , several non-Arabic languages are spoken.

Yemen is part of the homeland of the South Semitic languages. Mehri is the largest South Semitic language spoken in the nation, with more than 70, speakers.

The ethnic group itself is called Mahra. Soqotri is another South Semitic language, with speakers on the island of Socotra isolated from the pressures of Arabic on the Yemeni mainland.

According to the census in Yemen, the number of speakers there was 57, Yemen was also home of the Old South Arabian languages. The Razihi language appears to be the only remaining Old South Arabian language.

English is the most important foreign language, being widely taught and spoken mostly in the south, a former British colony.

A small Cham -speaking community is found in the capital city of Sana'a, originating from refugees expatriated from Vietnam after the Vietnam War in the s.

Islam the state religion of Yemen. Shias are primarily Zaydi and also have significant minorities of Ismaili [] and Twelver [] [] Shias.

The Sunnis are predominantly in the south and southeast. The Zaidis are predominantly in the north and northwest whilst the Ismailis are in the main centres such as Sana'a and Ma'rib.

There are mixed communities in the larger cities. Estimates of the number of Christians in Yemen range from 25, [] to 41, There are approximately 50 Jews left in Yemen.

Yemen is a culturally rich country with influence from many civilizations, such as the early civilization of Saba'. Radio broadcasting in Yemen began in the s when it was still divided into the South by the British and the North by the Imami ruling system.

However, it drew back after , due to destroyed infrastructure resulting from the civil war. Television is the most significant media platform in Yemen.

Given the low literacy rate in the country, television is the main source of news for Yemenis. There are six free-to-air channels currently headquartered in Yemen, of which four are state-owned.

The Yemeni film industry is in its early stages; only two Yemeni films have been released as of [update]. The history of Yemeni theatre dates back at least a century, to the early s.

Both amateur and professional government-sponsored theatre troupes perform in the country's major urban centres. Historically speaking, the southern port city of Aden is the cradle of Yemeni theatre; in recent decades the capital, Sana'a, has hosted numerous theatre festivals, often in conjunction with World Theatre Day.

Football is the most popular sport in Yemen. The Yemeni national football team participates internationally. The country also hosts many football clubs.

They compete in the national and international leagues. Yemen's mountains provide many opportunities for outdoor sports, such as biking , rock climbing , trekking , hiking , and other more challenging sports, including mountain climbing.

The coastal areas of Yemen and Socotra Island also provide many opportunities for water sports, such as surfing , bodyboarding , sailing , swimming , and scuba diving.

Socotra Island is home to some of the best surfing destinations in the world. Camel jumping is a traditional sport that is becoming increasingly popular among the Zaraniq tribe on the west coast of Yemen in a desert plain by the Red Sea.

Camels are placed side to side and victory goes to the competitor who leaps, from a running start, over the most camels. The jumpers train year round for competitions.

Tribesmen women may not compete tuck their robes around their waists for freedom of movement while running and leaping.

Yemen's biggest sports event was hosting the 20th Arabian Gulf Cup in Aden and Abyan in the southern part of the country on 22 November Many thought Yemen was the strongest competitor, but it was defeated in the first three matches of the tournament.

Internationally, Naseem Hamed , a world champion boxer, is the most well known Yemeni athlete. Among Yemen's natural and cultural attractions are four World Heritage sites.

Surrounded by a fortified wall made of mud and straw, the 16th-century city is one of the oldest examples of urban planning based on the principle of vertical construction.

Sana'a became a major Islamic centre in the 7th century, and the mosques, 14 hammams traditional bathhouses , and more than 6, houses that survive all date from before the 11th century.

Close to the Red Sea Coast, the historic town of Zabid , inscribed in , was Yemen's capital from the 13th to the 15th century, and is an archaeological and historical site.

It played an important role for many centuries because of its university, which was a centre of learning for the whole Arab and Islamic world.

Algebra is said to have been invented there in the early 9th century by the little-known scholar Al-Jazari. Mentioned by Marco Polo in the 13th century, this remote and isolated archipelago consists of four islands and two rocky islets delineating the southern limit of the Gulf of Aden.

The site has a rich biodiversity. It is home to bird species, species of coral, species of coastal fish, and species of crab and lobster, as well as a range of Aloes and the Dragon's Blood Tree Dracaena cinnabari.

The cultural heritage of Socotra includes the unique Soqotri language. Department of State reports that compulsory attendance is not enforced.

A seven-year project to improve gender equity and the quality and efficiency of secondary education, focusing on girls in rural areas, was approved by the World Bank in March The life expectancy in Yemen in is Total expenditures on health care in constituted 5.

Most childhood deaths are caused by illnesses for which vaccines exist or that are otherwise preventable. Prior to the current conflict, Yemen's health care system was weak due to its lack of spending in public healthcare.

During the mids Yemen decided to take a market-based approach to their healthcare system due to increased liberalization within the country.

However, many of these facilities lack resources and employees due to the small budget spent on public healthcare in Yemen. On the other hand, Yemen's private sector has succeeded: there were private hospitals in and by there were private hospitals.

It is dangerous for humanitarian workers to set foot on the ground because they could be easily killed due to the constant fighting by both parties.

In , the UN reported that healthcare facilities had not been given sufficient funds and that healthcare workers were working without salaries since September At the same time, many patients are not able to afford the hospital service fees, even though they are cheap.

Due to the high demand of healthcare services, local volunteers and medical students have been trained to respond to basic needs during emergencies.

Since the beginning of the conflict, the people of Yemen have become more susceptible to diseases and long-lasting health problems.

More and more people are dying from treatable diseases because of the weakened healthcare system. According to the UN, since the escalation of the conflict in March , more than 7, people have died and about 42, people have been injured.

Children are highly suffering from acute malnutrition. According to the World Health Organization, more than 1. However, from to it decreased by 1.

According to a study, in the journal Globalization and Health, child mortality rates for those under five years old have increased nationally.

In there were 53 deaths per 1, live births and in it was Currently, according to WHO, Yemen is suffering the worst cholera outbreak in history with an estimated more than 10, cases a week in In , the child mortality rate in Yemen was children per births.

As of , more than 20 million Yemeni people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 9 million children. Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of child mortality.

By , about two million Yemeni children suffered from acute malnutrition, as a result of the civil war consuming their nation's economy.

Geographically, Yemen also has the world's most depleted water sources. By November , an estimated 85, children under the age of five had died due to acute malnutrition over the three years of the war.

Abuse and the exploitation of children in Yemen has become common practice with the continuation of the civil war between the Houthi rebels and Yemeni government forces.

A reported 6, children have been killed or injured from violence as the country's infrastructure collapses. It is reported that upwards of children being recruited to participate in the civil war.

Cholera has broken out within Yemen because of its poor infrastructure that deteriorated due widespread war in the country.

Yemen faces issues in control and provisions of fresh, clean water as Yemen does not have the capacity to create the infrastructure needed to provide it; thus, people are forced to obtain unsanitary water from rivers, lakes, and wells.

Cholera is prominently found in contaminated drinking water, making the Yemeni people, especially children, the most prone to such a disease.

Cholera currently kills an estimated 95, people per year and infects upwards of 2. Diphtheria has spread throughout Yemen. As of February 21, , there have been 66 reported deaths from Diphtheria.

UNICEF has made a huge effort in fighting the war against the cholera epidemic with major efforts of providing vaccines help immunize the Yemeni people.

There have been , suspected cholera cases and can be treated. They've launched various campaigns to help combat diseases such as whooping cough, pneumonia, tetanus, tuberculosis, diphtheria, and meningitis, and they continue to send vaccines to the Yemeni people.

Humanitarian organizations have created huge impacts in Yemen by providing health, nutrition, and food provisions for the impacted. The World Health Organization has provided substantial aid to Yemen and continues its efforts in creating a sustainable health system.

In , the World Health Organization created functional health facilities including operating sites within districts including of over mobile health and nutrition teams in another districts throughout Yemen.

They've also provided extensive child health nutrition interventions in over districts and have established 26 cholera treatment centers. They are the leading effort in polio immunization treating over 4.

They've supplied tons of essential vaccines and medical supplies expected to help upwards of 3 million people in conflict impacted areas. The World Health Organization has provided huge efforts by creating its humanitarian response plan in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the country in Western Asia. For other uses, see Yemen disambiguation. Country on the Arabian Peninsula. Arab From the Ottoman Empire.

From the United Kingdom. Main article: History of Yemen. See also: Islamic history of Yemen. Main article: Sulayhid dynasty.

Jibla became the capital of the dynasty. Featured is the Queen Arwa Mosque. Queen Arwa al-Sulaihi Palace. Main article: Ayyubid Dynasty.

Main article: Rasulid dynasty. Main article: Tahirids Yemen. See also: Modern history of Yemen. Ruins of Thula fortress in 'Amran , where al-Mutahhar ibn Yahya barricaded himself against Ottoman attacks.

See also: Aden Protectorate and Sultanate of Lahej. See also: Yemen Vilayet. Main article: Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.

Egyptian military intervention in North Yemen, Main article: Yemeni unification. Prayers during Ramadan in Sana'a.

Saudi-led air strike on Sana'a, 12 June Saudi Arabia is operating in violation of international law. Tens of thousands of protesters marching to Sana'a University , joined for the first time by opposition parties, during the — Yemeni revolution.

Controlled by Houthis and Saleh loyalists. Controlled by Saudi-backed Hadi loyalists. Main article: Geography of Yemen. BWh Hot desert.

BWk Cold desert. BSh Hot semi-arid. BSk Cold semi-arid. CWb Subtropical highland. A water reservoir in Jabal Haraz. Main article: Wildlife of Yemen.

Dracaena cinnabari at Socotra Island. On the left side of this relief, a lion attacks a gazelle , while a rabbit tries to jump away from the gazelle's forelegs.

On the right, a leopard jumps down from rocks onto the back of an ibex ; a small rodent flees the hoofs of the ibex. Birds in the branches of acacia trees observe the two scenes.

This section is an excerpt from Environmental issues in Yemen [ edit ]. Main article: Politics of Yemen.

Main article: Foreign relations of Yemen. Main article: Human rights in Yemen. Main article: Human trafficking in Yemen.

Main article: Military of Yemen. Main article: Governorates of Yemen. Main article: Economy of Yemen. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Yemen.

Main article: Demographics of Yemen. Yemen's population — Yemen has a growth rate of 3. Main article: List of cities in Yemen.

Largest cities or towns in Yemen According to the Census []. Main article: Religion in Yemen. Religion in Yemen [] Sunni Islam. Main article: Culture of Yemen.

Main article: Media of Yemen. Main article: Theatre in Yemen. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Tourism in Yemen. Main article: Education in Yemen. Main article: Health in Yemen.

See also: Famine in Yemen and —17 Yemen cholera outbreak. This section may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies.

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Constitute Project. Retrieved 31 August Retrieved 9 November Central Statistical Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 October Retrieved 24 February International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 2 March World Bank. Retrieved 15 October United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 16 December International News Safety Institute.

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Retrieved 13 January As a scholar of genocide and human rights, I believe the destruction brought about by these attacks combined with the blockade amounts to genocide.

Is there a genocide in Yemen? Based on the definition of genocide: The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.

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SPIEL GAMES OF THRONES Umgehend wurde der Druck auf die Oppositionsparteien erhöht, obwohl die Regionalwahlen im Februar durch ein Dezentralisierungsgesetz zu pluralistischen Gemeinde- und Regionalräten führten. Mein Suchverlauf Meine Favoriten. Der Internationale Führerschein ist erforderlich und nur Steam Trading Down Verbindung mit dem nationalen deutschen Führerschein gültig. Nach einer von der Regierung beschlossenen Erhöhung der Treibstoffpreise auf fast das Doppelte brachen am
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